Wayanad, the land of paddy fields, in the north-east of Kerala is a
nature lover’s paradise. This beautiful hill station on Western Ghats has
never failed to satisfy its visitors.
It has something to offer for everyone
-for those seeking adventure, for the wildlife enthusiasts, for people
interested in history and culture and also for those who just want to
sit back and enjoy the beauty of nature. Wayanad has maintained its
innocence and beauty through the ages and carried along with it the
rich heritage and culture.
History says that organized human life existed in Wayanad atleast ten
centuries before Christ. Evidences of this can be seen in the caves of
Ambukuthimala and Edakkal. From the ancient times, Wayand has seen
a lot of rulers and invaders who have left their footprints in different
parts of the land - the Rajas of Veda tribes, Pazhassi Raja of Kottayam
Royal dynasty, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan and finally the British.
Wayand has a huge settler population who came to this fertile land
seeking their fortune as farmers.
Wayand has the highest tribal population in Kerala. Even with settlers
and invaders coming and taking over their native land, they have
managed to keep their traditions and customs undiluted. There are
certain tribal populations in the interiors of Wayanad still untouched by
This UNESCO heritage site set high on the Western Ghats with
altitudes ranging from 700 to 2100 m, has a pleasant climate- never
too hot or cold. Generally the year is divided into four seasons -
Winter (December to February), Summer (March to May), South
West Monsoon (June to September) and North East Monsoon (October
to November).During Summer the temperature goes up to a maximum
of 35 °C (95 °F) and during Winter the temperature goes down
to 07 °C (45 °F). The greater temperature variation in the last 5–6 years
is in the range of 18 °C (64 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F). The average rainfall is
2,500 mm (98 in) per year.
With an extensive forest cover, this land rich in bio diversity
has a lot to offer for the wildlife enthusiasts. In addition to
animals like bonnet macaques, slender lorises, mongooses, jungle
cats, squirrels, jackals, hares, king cobras, elephants, bears, tigers,
cheetahs, sambar deers, spotted deers etc seen in the forest area,
Wayanad is home to rare species of birds, orchids and herbs.
Banasura Sagar Dam
This is the largest earth dam in India. The topography here is such that many islands will be formed in the upstream
of the dam when the dam is full. These islands with the background of the Banasura hill will provide a hypnotising sight to tourists. ( Banasura sagar 20km )
The hills, rocks and valleys, which contribute to the very unique character of Wayanad, provide a lot of adventure tourism. Trekking to the Chembra peak is a risky mountaineering endeavour. Chembra peak, the highest hill in Wayanad, is near Meppady town. Trekking to the top of the peak takes almost a day. Tourists can also stay one or two days at the top of the peak in temporary camps. District Tourism Promotion Council provides guides, sleeping bags, canvases, huts and trekking implements on hire. The scenic beauty of Wayanad, which is visible from the top of Chembra, is very exhilarating. ( Chembra peak 25km )
This location is breath-taking beauty is three kilometers from Ambalavayal which is 25 kms. from Kalpetta. The Edakkal cave in the Ambukuthy Mountain is not a cave in the real sense. As stated in the India Antiquary (Vol.XXX, page - 410) and quoted in the District Gazetteer, Kozhikode, it is only 'a cleft about 96 ft. long and 22 ft. wide in the rock'. It is a fissure made by a corner of rock splitting off from the main body due to some natural causes. The depth of both the cleft and the fissure is 30 ft. What makes it a cave to the ordinary observer is the fact that in the other portion of the large cleft, an enormous rock, weighing several tonns, has fallen forming a roof over a large part of it. The rock wall contains some interesting carvings, which represent human and animal figures and objects of human use and symbols. These carvings speak of a highly civilized people of pre-historic are and inspires the archaeologists and historians to rewrite the history of Wayanad and Kerala as a whole.
( Edakkal caves 30km )
The Kuruva Island, 950 acres of evergreen forest on the tributaries of east following river Kabani, is an ideal picnic spot, far away from the disturbance of city life. The island is uninhabited. Rare spicies of birds, orchids and herbs are the sovereigns of this supernal kingdom. It is 17 kms. east of Mananthavady and 40 kms. north west of Sulthan Bathery. ( Kuruva island 40km )
One of the highest locations in Wayanad, Lakkidi also commands picturesque scenery. It is about 58 kms. north east of Kozhikode and five kms. south of Vythiri. Lakkidi, the gateway of Wayanad, lies atop Thamarassery, a ghats pass at an elevation of 700 m. above mean sea level.
The lofty mountain peaks, the gurging stream, luxuriant vegetation and the bird's eye view of the deep valley on the south, with its winding roads, are breath taking. The 12 kms. long journey from Adivaram to Lakkidi through ghats road with nine hairpin bends amidst thick forests, is a fascinating experience.
Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary
Muthanga, which is 16 kms. east of Sulthan Bathery, is located very near to the Karnataka border. Wild forests covering an area of 345 sq.kms. from the Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary; the biggest abode of wild animals in Malabar. Elephant, spotted deer, bison, tiger, cheetah, wild bear, etc. are found in this sanctuary. The Forest Department has facilities for providing elephant rides to tourists here. ( Muthanga 40km)
Pakshipathalam in the Brahmagiri hills at Thirunelli is a challenging tourist spot for any adventure seeking tourist. To reach Pakshipathalam, seventeen kms have to be covered through wild forest. The deep rock caves, formed among the thick blocks of rocks at the northern top end of the Brahmagiri, are the abode of various birds and wild beasts. Special permissions have to be obtained from Forest Department to go to Pakshipathalam. District Tourism Promotion Council arranges vehicles, guides, camping equipments, etc. to the tourists, on here.
( Pakshipathalam 60km )
Pazhassi Tourist Resort
Pazhassi Tourist Resort at Mananthavady is a good picnic centre in north Wayanad. There is a good aquarium here. Coin -operated toys for children and boating facilities for tourists are available here. Pazhassi Raja, the Lion of Kerala, who organized guerilla type warfare against British East India Company, was cremated here in 1805.
These carvings speak of a highly civilized people of pre-historic are and inspires the archaeologists and historians to rewrite the history of Wayanad and Kerala as a whole. ( Pazhasshy 45km )
It is a natural fresh water lake, brimmed with evergreen mountains. The weather here is salacious; the scenic beauty, hypnotising and the nature, unspoiled. Pookot Lake tourist resort inVythiri is the most sought after tourist spot of Wayanad. There is an aquarium and a green house here. Boating facilities also are available. Spices and handicraft items are also arranged for sale Pookot. The lake has an area of 8.5ha.and the maximum water depth is 6.5mtrs.This lake is three kms. south of Vythiri.
The waterfalls at Soochippara near Meppadi are really a treasure of nature, yet to be discovered. The stretches of waterfalls ranging at places from 100 to 300 feet height are a treat to the eyes. The pool below provides for water rafting, swimming, bathing, etc. The tree top huts at Soochippara give a unique view of the valleys of the Western Ghats and the glimmering shallow waters of the surrounding spring.
( Soochipara 25km )